Ubuntu 18.04 on Thinkpad P51
Back to Linux after almost 3 year hiatus.
Switching back from MacBook to Thinkapad and Ubuntu as the main work machine.
My MBP 13’’ aged quite nicely, but compiling large scala codebases and running VMs / containers became quite frustrating. I was eligible for a refresher at Elastic and I’ve decided to try Thinkpad P51 + Ubuntu. This is a 15’’ beast with 64 GB of RAM. It is quite heavy, but working remotely I don’t need to carry it to the office every day, while still being able to travel if needed. I consider the trade off acceptable.
This post is a short note and what works and a note on setting it up if I need to do it again.
- Out of the box experience
The out of the box experience is surprisingly good. P51 is about 1 year old, so 18.04 kernel (4.15) contains everything it needs. Basically, after the installation I’ve needed only to install nvidia drivers and change display scaling (4k screen). Second display (also 4k) works, sleep works, etc.
Different scaling on different displays. The laptop is 4k and the external monitor I use it with is also 4k. But one of them is 15’’ and the other 27’’, so they have different DPI. Xorg doesn’t support such a config, but there is a possible workaroudn with xrandr (keyword:
hidpi arch wiki).
I have some apple hardware, which I quite like and wouldn’t mind using with ubuntu. Esp. the airpods and the magic mouse. Airpods connect and you can use them as headphones, but the mic is off. Ubuntu doesn’t consider them a sound input, only output. You can switch the profile from hi-fidelity playback to headset, but there seems to be a bug in pulse audio and switching the profile doesn’t help (I can’t find the link right now). Workaround is to use a wired headset, but boy that sucks.
Magic mouse 2 connects, and gives you the impression that it works, but there are traps. First, it disconnects every now and then; sadly the linux–bluetooth experience is far from being “polished”. Also, the scroll doesn’t work (but a fix is being worked on, see https://github.com/rohitpid/Linux-Magic-Trackpad-2-Driver).
Firefox has laggy scrolling. The scrolling is basically broken, scroll a couple of lines and then it becomes laggy or jerkey. I’m not sure what to attribute it to, but it is super frustrating. As a workaround I’ve switched to chrome. Collegue sent me a link to arch wiki, which suggested turning off
smooth scrolling. This helped I think, but I’ve stayed with chrome for the time being. The default firefox experience makes me really sad.
Fingerprint sensor, but hey, not like this is unexpected.
I get around 3h of regular work (compilations & build, IDE, spotify, external display, mails, slack, I have it all). It is a far cry from MBP, but acceptable. I plan to experiment with TLP to see if I’ll get more out of it. Also, I’ve haven’t got a chance to test it without IDE + sbt combo; hope it’ll be a bit better in reading / surfing mode. I’m using the discrete nvidia card.
I’ve played a bit with kubuntu and ubuntu live cds and decided to go with KDE.
But after a few days I’ve installed
ubuntu-desktop and stick with it. I like
KDE more, but the number of configuration options and perceived stability made
me switch to gnome for now.
- Update BIOS, firmware, etc.
- Go to BIOS and setup hard disk password (this is really neat, hard disk is hardware encrypted, and you don’t need to setup encrypted LVM), see https://support.lenovo.com/pl/en/solutions/migr-69621.
- Created recovery drive for windows https://support.lenovo.com/pl/en/solutions/ht117511 (in case you want to get back :)).
- Download ubuntu ISO and rusus to “burn” the ISO on a pendrive.
- Restart while keeping
shiftif not able to open bios.
- In BIOS setup (well, it is called UEFI these days):
- Disable biometry,
- Use F1-F12 as primary function,
- Enable intel virtualization technology,
- Minimal installation (and also minimal fonts!).
- Connected to wifi.
- Erase the disk and install ubuntu (no need for LVM or encryption, because the harddisk is encrypted).
- After the straightforward installation it went into a bootloop. I wasn’t really able to read the message as it was disappearing almost right away. It seemed to be similar to https://askubuntu.com/questions/1042747/system-bootorder-not-found
- I’ve tried enabling and disabling the secure boot, clearing the keys, etc. In the end turning off quick boot to diagnostic boot did thfde trick.
- Scaling needs to be set to 2 (or you need a magnifying glass).
- Mouse -> reverse scroll direction.
$ sudo apt install chromium-browser
$ ubuntu-drivers devices # and if you agree with the recomendation $ sudo ubuntu-drivers autoinstall # reboot and then you can: ## check with card is in use prime-select query ## select one of them sudo prime-select intel sudo prime-select nvidia ## and reboot
glxgears on intel
$ glxgears 367 frames in 5.0 seconds = 73.211 FPS 301 frames in 5.0 seconds = 60.027 FPS 301 frames in 5.0 seconds = 60.023 FPS 301 frames in 5.0 seconds = 60.023 FPS
glxgears on nvidia
$ glxgears Running synchronized to the vertical refresh. The framerate should be approximately the same as the monitor refresh rate. 71605 frames in 5.0 seconds = 14320.992 FPS 72945 frames in 5.0 seconds = 14588.849 FPS 73311 frames in 5.0 seconds = 14662.161 FPS C73643 frames in 5.0 seconds = 14728.479 FPS
cd ~/Downloads sudo apt install curl curl -O https://prerelease.keybase.io/keybase_amd64.deb curl -O https://prerelease.keybase.io/keybase_amd64.deb.sig curl -O https://keybase.io/docs/server_security/code_signing_key.asc gpg --import code_signing_key.asc gpg --verify keybase_amd64.deb.sig keybase_amd64.deb sudo dpkg -i keybase_amd64.deb sudo apt-get install -f run_keybase Restart was needed to fix a permission issue while cloning a git repo
Follow the steps from the website
$ ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "firstname.lastname@example.org" $ sudo apt-get install xclip $ xclip -sel clip < ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub
Spacemacs clones some of the packages from github, and the running my config will fail, unless this is step is done.
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kelleyk/emacs $ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt install emacs26 $ git clone https://github.com/syl20bnr/spacemacs ~/.emacs.d $ cd ~/.emacs.d $ git checkout develop
$ sudo apt install git $ cd ~/code $ git clone keybase://<my-dotfiles-repo> $ cd dotfiles $ make do-bootstrap $ make force-install
Install from the toolbox https://www.jetbrains.com/toolbox/app/
~As per the instructions in https://www.spotify.com/pl/download/linux/~
Spotify snap seems to work fine. It’s in my dotfiles setup now.
$ snap install spotify # There was a problem with scaling, spotify don’t honor the gnome scaling factor $ sudo emacs /usr/share/applications/spotify.desktop # Exec=spotify --force-device-scale-factor=2.0 %U
I’m really happy with the new machine, it can handle a lot of load and the setup was surprisingly easy. If they fix my airpods and improve the hidpi and external monitor support I think this will be the year of linux on the laptops.